Politics and Aesthetics: Walter Benjamin's Essay on the Origin of German Tragic Drama. W. J. T. Mitchell and Friedhelm Rathjen (1996). Translated by David Midgley, pp. 36–37; cf. Bloom (1973), p. 139n8; Gertrude Himmelfarb (1966), p. 227n1; Ford (1983), p. 89; Fiedler and Rürup (1979), p. 16; Hyppolite (1970), p. 49, n5; Marcuse (1972) Adams, William Howard & White, Robert Spence. 18321885: The Petty Sessional Divisions of Fareham, Lymington,. The Public Health Act 1875 established a Sanitary Authority for the area, which in turn created a number of smaller local authorities for individual towns and parishes.
In 1888 a further Act of Parliament created the 'Port and Town Management Association', consisting of representatives from the twelve local authorities in the county united for the purpose of managing cross-channel ferries and administering harbours and harbours trusts, This Is Hampshire (thisishampshire.co.uk). Most of the geographical unit of which Southampton is the county town comprises districts. It is important to note that many of these districts were 19th-century creations and do not follow the boundaries of much earlier parishes.
This is a list of United Kingdom by-elections. By-elections are held in the UK to fill vacancies in the House of Commons. At present, resignations are only noted when they cause a by-election (for example, MPs who were appointed to Royal Commissions or as Ministers of State never subsequently face re-election). However, if an MP dies or resigns, then there is usually a by-election. If the vacancy occurs halfway through a Parliament, then there might not be an actual contest that would cause it to be classed as a by-election (this situation has arisen five times since 1950).
At other times, MPs are generally returned unopposed and these elections are not classified as by-elections. The constituency had been created in 1918, and until this point had been largely held by the Conservatives; before 1918 the chiefly rural county had been part of the South Weald constituency. In 1919 Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby had been elected, a prominent Conservative politician who would later become leader of the party. His successor in 1923 was William Joynson-Hicks, 1st Viscount Brentford, another leading Tory politician.
The seat was contested again in 1923 and declared that year by the Returning Officer George Agnew, who was also Town Clerk for the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. The Hampshire Chronicle has published a summary of the relevant boundaries. Petty Sessional Divisions: All Saints, Cheriton Bishop, Fareham, Holy Rood, Locks Heath, Long Sutton, Lymington, Millbrook, Muntham, Portchester, Rownhams. The main railway line through the town is the Reading to Taunton line, with trains to Basingstoke and London Waterloo stopping at Tadley.
Elections In The 1830S
The Whig politician Robert Grant was elected in a hard fought contest. Although Grant supported the Reform Act, he suffered from his association with Viscount Goderich who was unpopular locally. When Goderich resigned over the reform of Parliament he put forward his own candidate James Abercromby. He withdrew, however, when it seemed unlikely that Lord John Russell would oppose Robert Grant and many suspected that he did so under orders from Wellington who favoured his nephew Lord Edward FitzGerald as a protest candidate.
Elections In The 1840S
The 1841 general election in the newly-founded New Zealand colony was held between 30 July and 20 October 1841, for the 1st General Assembly. A total number of 124 (96 geographic and 28 special) electoral districts were used for this first election. The official results gave five seats to the Wellington District, four to the Auckland District, three each to the Lyttelton and Nelson Districts and two seats to the Wairau and Otago Districts. Of the 95 geographic constituencies, 82 returned representatives from 26 May 1842 until 5 October 1853.
This is because some of these constituencies were multi-member electorates. The 1841 UK general election returned members to serve in the House of Commons for the first time since the general election of 1835. Polling took place in the summer of 1841, except in Scotland where it was delayed until autumn because of disruption caused by poor harvests. Clayton was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, requiring a by-election. Charles Barnard was appointed Civil Lord of the Admiralty, requiring a by-election.
Elections In The 1870S
The by-election was held on 4 November 1872. The byelection in the Loughborough and East Retford constituency was caused by the resignation of the incumbent Conservative MP William E. Rich. When Alexander Graham Ball was elected MP for Thetford on 7 January 1874, he resigned on 4 October 1876. There was a by-election to fill the vacancy. Fellowes resigned after being appointed a judge of the Chancery Division of the High Court, causing a by-election.
Members Of Parliament
Fleming resigned his seat, and the resulting by-election on 17 November 1891 was narrowly won by William O'Brien. Charles Stewart Parnell was nominated as the Irish Parliamentary Party candidate, but he withdrew when fellow Home Ruler John Dillon refused to stand aside. The Liberals selected John Horgan, who claimed that his policy was "justice to Ireland" and avowedly anti-Parnellite. The Conservatives ran Patrick Boyton, president of the Irish Land league. The A339 road from Basingstoke to Reading, Berkshire, and the M3 London-West Midlands motorway ( J 6) both skirt Tadley.